Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Research Fellow

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Winter-Ebmer Rudolf Winter-Ebmer is Professor for Labor Economics at the University of Linz, Austria and Research Professor at the Vienna Institute for Advanced Studies. Rudolf received a Ph.D. in Economics in 1991 and a Habilitation degree from the University of Linz in 1996. In 1995-96 he was Visiting Scholar at the Institute for Industrial Relations at UC Berkeley and 1998 Visiting Professor at the University of Graz, he has lectured in Zurich, Innsbruck and Vienna. Since 1992 he has been Research Affiliate and later Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research, London. From 1998-2004 he served the European Society for Population Economics as Secretary and later as President, he is a member of the section on population economics of the "Verein für Socialpolitik". He is also coordinator of the "Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State" as well as the Austria Country Team Leader for SHARE (Survey on Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe). His interests lie in the areas of microeconometric labor market research and include topics such as unemployment, wage formation, education, inequality, discrimination, migration and economics of aging. His research has been published in the American Economic Review, Journal of Labor Economics, European Economic Review, Oxford Economic Papers and Economica among others.

Rudolf joined IZA as a Research Fellow in March 1999.
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IZA Discussion Papers:
No. Author(s)
10446  José-Ignacio Antón
René Böheim
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
The Effects of International Migration on Native Workers' Unionisation in Austria
9928  Wolfgang Frimmel
Martin Halla
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
How Does Parental Divorce Affect Children's Long-term Outcomes?
9564  Mario Lackner
Rudi Stracke
Uwe Sunde
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Are Competitors Forward Looking in Strategic Interactions? Evidence from the Field
9192  Wolfgang Frimmel
Thomas Horvath
Mario Schnalzenberger
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Seniority Wages and the Role of Firms in Retirement
9176  Alexander Ahammer
Thomas Horvath
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
The Effect of Income on Mortality: New Evidence for the Absence of a Causal Link
(published in: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A, 2016)
8396  Sylvia Frühwirth-Schnatter
Christoph Pamminger
Andrea Weber
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
When Is the Best Time to Give Birth?
(published in: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A, 179(3), 707-725, 2016.)
6958  Nicole Schneeweis
Vegard Skirbekk
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Does Schooling Improve Cognitive Functioning at Older Ages?
(published as 'Does Education Improve Cognitive Performance Four Decades After School Completion?' in: Demography, 2014, 51 (2), 619-643)
6704  Wolfgang Frimmel
Martin Halla
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Can Pro-Marriage Policies Work? An Analysis of Marginal Marriages
(published in: Demography, 2014, 51(4), 1357-1379)
6015  Margherita Fort
Nicole Schneeweis
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
More Schooling, More Children: Compulsory Schooling Reforms and Fertility in Europe
(substantially revised version published 'Is Education Always Reducing Fertility? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Reforms' in: Economic Journal, 2016, 126 (595), 1823–1855 [journal version])
5944  Giorgio Brunello
Margherita Fort
Nicole Schneeweis
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
The Causal Effect of Education on Health: What is the Role of Health Behaviors?
(published in: Health Economics, 2016, 25 (3), 314-336)
4446  Wolfgang Frimmel
Martin Halla
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Assortative Mating and Divorce: Evidence from Austrian Register Data
(revised version published in: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A, 2013, 176(4), 907–929)
4323  Thomas Schober
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Gender Wage Inequality and Economic Growth: Is There Really a Puzzle?
(published in: World Development, 2011, 39 (8), 1476-1484)
4239  Nikolaus Graf
Helmut Hofer
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Labour Supply Effects of a Subsidised Old-Age Part-Time Scheme in Austria
(published in: Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung/Journal for Labour Market Research, 2011, 44 (3), 217-229)
3617  Guido Schwerdt
Andrea Ichino
Oliver Ruf
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Josef Zweimüller
Does the Color of the Collar Matter? Firm Specific Human Capital and Post-Displacement Outcomes
(published in: Economic Letters, 2010, 108 (2), 137-140)
3272  Emilia Del Bono
Andrea Weber
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Clash of Career and Family: Fertility Decisions after Job Displacement
(revised version published in: Journal of the European Economic Association, 2012, 10 (4), 659 - 683)
3210  Ana Rute Cardoso
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Mentoring and Segregation: Female-Led Firms and Gender Wage Policies
(published in: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 2010, 64 (1), 143-163)
3110  Andrea Ichino
Guido Schwerdt
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Josef Zweimüller
Too Old to Work, Too Young to Retire?
3104  Josef Fersterer
Jörn-Steffen Pischke
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Returns to Apprenticeship Training in Austria: Evidence from Failed Firms
(published in: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2008, 104 (4), 733-753)
2918  Martina Zweimüller
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Doris Weichselbaumer
Market Orientation and Gender Wage Gaps: An International Study
(published in: Kyklos, 2008, 61 (4), 615-635)
2845  Helene Dearing
Helmut Hofer
Christine Lietz
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Katharina Wrohlich
Why Are Mothers Working Longer Hours in Austria than in Germany? A Comparative Micro Simulation Analysis
(published in: Fiscal Studies, 2007, 28 (4), 463-495)
1602  René Böheim
Alfred M. Stiglbauer
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
When and How to Create a Job: The Survival of New Jobs in Austrian Firms
(published in: Economics Letters, 2009, 105 (1), 17-19)
1329  Thomas Raferzeder
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Who is on the Rise in Austria: Wage Mobility and Mobility Risk
(published in: Journal of Economic Inequality, 2007, 5 (1), 39-51)
923  Uwe Dulleck
Paul Frijters
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Reducing Start-Up Costs for New Firms: The Double Dividend on the Labour Market
(published in: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2006, 108 (2); 317-337.)
906  Doris Weichselbaumer
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
A Meta-Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap
(published in: Journal of Economic Surveys, 2005, 9 (3), 479-511)
905  Doris Weichselbaumer
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Rhetoric in Economic Research: The Case of Gender Wage Differentials
(published in: Industrial Relations, 2006, 45 (3), 416–436)
822  Doris Weichselbaumer
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
The Effects of Competition and Equal Treatment Laws on the Gender Wage Differential
(published in: Economic Policy, 2007, 22 (50), 235-287)
658  Giorgio Brunello
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Why Do Students Expect to Stay Longer in College? Evidence from Europe
(published in: Economics Letters, 2003, 80 (2), 247-253.)
546  Alfred M. Stiglbauer
Florian Stahl
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Josef Zweimüller
Job Creation and Job Destruction in a Regulated Labor Market: The Case of Austria
(published in: Empirica 30, 2003, 127-148.)
This paper has repeatedly been among the Top 10 monthly downloads. 
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Aniela Wirz
Public Funding and Enrolment into Higher Education in Europe
299  Giorgio Brunello
Claudio Lucifora
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
The Wage Expectations of European College Students
(published in: Journal of Human Resources, 2004, 39 (4), 1116-1142)
277  Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Evaluating an Innovative Redundancy-Retraining Project: The Austrian Steel Foundation
(published as 'Coping with a structural crisis: evaluating an innovative redundancy-retraining project' in: International Journal of Manpower, 2006, 27 (8), 700 - 721)
138  Josef Zweimüller
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Firm-specific Training: Consequences for Job Mobility
(published as 'On-the-job-training, job search and job mobility' in: Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Nationalökonomie und Statistik / Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, 2003, 139 (4), 563-576)
126  Josef Fersterer
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Smoking, Discount Rates, and Returns to Education
(published in: Economics of Education Review, 2003, 22 (6), 561-566)
72  Josef Fersterer
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Are Austrian Returns to Education Falling Over Time?
(published in: Labour Economics, 2003, 10 (1), 73-89)
Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Klaus F. Zimmermann
East-West Trade and Migration: The Austro-German Case
(published in: R. Faini / J. de Melo / K. F. Zimmermann (eds.), Migration. The Controversies and the Evidence, Cambridge, 1999, 296-327;
see IZA Reprints 18/99)