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Does Labor Diversity Affect Firm Productivity?
by Pierpaolo Parrotta, Dario Pozzoli, Mariola Pytlikova
(October 2012)
revised version published as 'Labor Diversity and Firm Productivity' in: European Economic Review, Volume 66, 2014, 144179.
[final version]

Abstract:
Using a matched employer-employee data-set, we analyze how workforce diversity in terms of cultural background, education and demographic characteristics affects the productivity of firms in Denmark. Implementing a structural estimation of the firms' production function (Ackerberg et al. 2006), we find that labor diversity in education significantly enhances a firm's value added. Conversely, diversity in ethnicity and demographics induces negative effects on firm productivity. Therefore, the negative effects, which are derived from the communication and integration costs associated with a more culturally and demographically diverse workforce, seem to outweigh the positive effects of creativity and knowledge spillovers.
Text: See Discussion Paper No. 6973