Immigrants' Employment Outcomes over the Business Cycle
by Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny
(December 2010)

Immigrants have figured prominently in U.S. economic growth for decades, but the recent recession hit them hard. Immigrantsí labor market outcomes began deteriorating even before the recession was officially underway, largely as a result of the housing bust. An analysis of employment and unemployment rates over the past 15 years shows that immigrants' labor market outcomes are more cyclical than those of natives. The greater cyclicality of immigrants' employment and unemployment is concentrated among less-educated immigrants, but college-educated immigrants nonetheless have more cyclically-sensitive employment outcomes than college-educated natives.
Text: See Discussion Paper No. 5354