


IZA



The Effect of Migration on Income Growth and Convergence: MetaAnalytic Evidence
by
Ceren Ozgen, Peter Nijkamp, Jacques Poot
(October 2009)
published in: Papers in Regional Science, 2010, 89 (3), 537561
Abstract:
We compare a set of econometric studies that measure the effect of net internal migration in neoclassical models of longrun real income convergence and derive 67 comparable effect sizes. The precisionweighted estimate of beta convergence is about 2.7%. An increase in the net migration rate of a region by one percentage point in increases the per capita income growth rate in that region on average by about 0.1 percentage points, thus suggesting an impact of net migration that is more consistent with endogenous selfreinforcing growth than with neoclassical convergence. Introducing a net migration variable in a growth regression increases the estimate of beta convergence slightly. Studies that use panel models or IV estimation methods yield smaller coefficients of net migration in growth regressions, while the opposite holds for regressions controlling for highskilled migration.
Text: See Discussion Paper No. 4522





